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Integral Approach to how Children Learn to Read

*Merlin casts spell*

The first 6 stages of reading development are known as the Archaic, Pre-functional, Emergent, Early, Transitional, and Fluent stages.


At the Archaic stage, children are just beginning to understand the concept of reading. They may recognize some letters and words, but they are not able to decode them. During this stage, children are first taught the basics of phonemic awareness, which is the ability to recognize and manipulate the individual sounds in words.


The Pre-functional stage is when children begin to recognize some words and letters, but they still have difficulty in decoding them. They may also be able to recognize some sight words, such as their own name. At this stage, children are introduced to phonics, which is the ability to link sounds to letters and words.


The Emergent stage is when children begin to recognize more words and understand how to decode them. They may be able to read short sentences and even recognize some sight words. During this stage, children are taught to use context clues and word analysis to help them understand what they are reading.


The Early stage is when children can read simple stories and understand what they are reading. At this stage, children are taught to use comprehension strategies, such as summarizing, predicting, and making connections, to help them better understand what they are reading.


The Transitional stage is when children can read more complex stories and understand them. They are also able to use more sophisticated comprehension strategies, such as making inferences and analyzing characters.


The Fluent stage is when children can read fluently and understand what they are reading. They are able to read more quickly and with greater comprehension. At this stage, children are taught to use higher-level comprehension strategies, such as evaluating and synthesizing.


At each stage of reading development, children are taught the skills they need to become better readers. With practice and guidance, children can move through the stages of reading development and become proficient and confident readers.


Illustration 1: A diagram showing the stages of reading development


Illustration 2: A chart showing the skills taught at each stage of reading development


In conclusion, the first 6 stages of reading development, from Archaic to Fluent, are important for helping children become proficient readers. At each stage, children are taught the skills they need to become better readers. With practice and guidance, children can move through the stages of reading development and become confident and successful readers.


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